1. The Astravyets NPP has already been constructed: can anything be changed?
YES. The nuclear power plant poses a threat by its operation, rather than by the process of its construction. Less than a quarter of the project plans have been implemented so far; this year, Belarus plans to open only the first out of four projected reactors. Each month of delay by Lithuania and Europe results in further development of the project. Obviously, it would be difficult to deny that a four times larger power plant poses a four times greater risk.
2. If the project is so dangerous, why were no actions taken when the construction of the power plant just started?
What happened cannot be changed, but we must act to eliminate the existing threat. There is no use in looking for where the guilt lies in the past, but our statement must be firm that we still have an opportunity to prevent greater damage. There are cases in the world when the projects on new nuclear power plants have been discontinued and even completed nuclear power plants have been closed.
3. Is the Movement against the Astravyets NPP a political organisation or a political project initiated by a single political party?
NO. The Movement includes members from various political parties, namely, the Liberals Movement, the Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats, the Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union, the Lithuanian Green Party, as well as youth organisations and non-affiliated people. The Movement dissociates itself from any efforts of making it into a tool of any political party. Its principle of political neutrality is ensured through the democratic election of the governing bodies by all members of the Movement. The historical name of the Movement reflects the idea of uniting different political parties and civil society for the common goal that can only be achieved by acting together.
3. Other European countries also have nuclear power plants constructed by Rosatom. So why should we worry about the one under construction in Belarus?
In Belarus, the nuclear power plant is being constructed in violation of the requirements for environmental protection, nuclear safety and stress tests only 40 kilometres away from Vilnius. These are the fundamental differences distinguishing this nuclear power plant from others.
4. Would the Astravyets NPP guarantee to Lithuania significantly cheaper electricity?
NO. Lithuania uses electricity generated mainly from renewable sources such as wind or solar energy. This type of electricity is much cheaper than that produced by the nuclear power plant. The price of electricity is set by the Nord Pool power exchange. Nord Pool determines the price on the basis of the highest price of the bid that meets the market demand. Belarus could therefore sell electricity only at the same price or at a slightly higher price than Nord Pool. This would be loss-making for Belarus.
5. Why do we not support dialogue with Belarus, unless it is reciprocal?
The dialogue with Belarus is possible only when it rests on a clear position requiring to stop the development of the nuclear power plant, close and relocate it. The dialogue must also involve the search for concrete solutions to implement these requirements. Only then can we hope that the necessary objectives will be achieved without evading the fulfilment of commitments and by establishing specific conditions for cooperation. Dialogue for the sake of dialogue makes no sense when it is not in line with the national interests of Lithuania.